Date of Birth: March 16,1822
Hometown: Louisville, KY
Final Wartime Rank: Major General
Final Peacetime Rank: Major General
Date of Death: September 23, 1892
Place of Death: Sandusky, OH
Buried At: St.
Major Battles: Battle of
Madrid, Island 10, Siege of Corinth,
Cedar Mountain, Second Manassas
Interesting Fact(s): Pope is a collateral descendent of
George Washington, and was related to Mary Todd Lincoln, through marriage.
Pope was a successful western general, and had led troops at Island 10, that
would open the upper Mississippi River, for the Union. Pope's
aggressiveness caused Lincoln to bring him east, to lead the new Army of
Virginia. His first taste of battle, in the east, would be at
Mountain, and would be led by his lieutenant, US Major General
Banks. Banks would be severely repulsed by CS Major General
"Stonewall" Jackson. Consolidating his army, at Manassas Junction,
Pope hoped to draw
Jackson out for a fight in the open, while Jackson's
Corps was separated from the rest of
Robert E. Lee's Army. Unfortunately,
was able to reunite his army, and dealt Pope a staggering defeat, on the
same ground that Irvin McDowell's army was defeated a year earlier.
After Second Manassas, Pope would blame
George B. McClellan,
Fitz John Porter and
others, for his defeat. Lincoln, unpleased with Pope's performance,
would send him west, to Minnesota, to fight a Sioux uprising. This
effectively ended his short career in the Civil War army.