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Gouverneur K. Warren

Date of Birth:      January 8, 1830
Hometown:         Cold Springs, NY
Education:           West Point, 1850
Final Wartime Rank:    Major General
Final Peacetime Rank:  Lieutenant Colonel

Date of Death:     August 8, 1882
Place of Death:    Newport, RI
Buried At:           Newport, RI

Major Battles:        Big Bethel Church, Peninsula Campaign, Seven Days, Second Manassas, Antietam, Gettysburg, Overland Campaign, Siege of Petersburg, Battle of Five Forks

Interesting Fact(s):    Warren, known for his engineering skills, graduated second in his class, from West Point.  Before the Civil War, he served as a topographical engineer (a skill that would serve to country well, in July 1863) and a teacher of mathematics, at West Point.  After the fall of Fort Sumter, Warren would be appointed lieutenant colonel, of the newly formed 5th New York Infantry.  He would take part in the first infantry battle, of the war, at Bethel Church.  He would be in command, of a brigade, at Gaines Mill, where he was wounded.  After the Battle of Antietam, he would be promoted to brigadier general.  With an eye, for terrain, Warren would provide, the most valuable service, of his career, at a sleepy Pennsylvania crossroads town, Gettysburg, on July 2, 1863.  Reconnoitering the Union left flank, he climbed a prominence, later to be known as Little Round Top, and found Daniel Sickle's III Corps, out of position, and fully a 1/2 mile in front of the rest of the army, along Cemetery Ridge.  Alerting George Meade, to the danger, he exceeded his authority, as a chief engineer, ordering two brigades, from George Sykes V Corps, to deploy along the approaches of Little Round Top.  These brigades, commanded by Strong Vincent, and Stephen Weed,  would hold Little Round Top, saving the day, as John Bell Hood's onrushing Texans, and Alabamians,  shattered Sickle's III Corps.  After Gettysburg, Warren would accede to Corps command, commanding the II Corps, while Winfield Scott Hancock recovered from injuries he sustained at Gettysburg.  During U.S. Grant's Overland Campaign, he would be assigned, permanent command, of the V Corps.  While he performed well, in command of the corps, leading up to the Siege of Petersburg, he would fall out of favor with Grant, and Philip Sheridan.  With the defenses around Petersburg failing, Robert E. Lee would start his retreat, with a stand at Five Forks.  Grant assigned Sheridan to the overall command, at Five Forks, and gave him discretion, in relieving Warren, if required.  Warren commanded three division at Five Forks admirably.  However, Sheridan seeking to remove him, did so.  Warren's military career was destroyed.  He would serve in the Engineer Corps, and in 1879 a court of inquiry relieved him of any culpability at Five Forks and criticized the manner in which he was relieved.

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