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Daniel E. Sickles

Date of Birth:      October 20, 1819
Hometown:        New York, NY
Education:           New York University
Final Wartime Rank:    Major General
Final Peacetime Rank:  Major General

Date of Death:     May 3, 1914
Place of Death:    New York, NY
Buried At:           Arlington National Cemetery

Major Battles:        Peninsula Campaign, Seven Days, Antietam Campaign, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg

Interesting Fact(s):    Sickles, a political general, would become well known, prior to the Civil War.  A Tammany Hall politician, he would represent New York, as senator.  While a senator, he would shoot, and kill, Philip Barton Key, for having an affair with his wife.  Key, was son of Francis Scott Key, the composer of the Star Spangled Banner.  Sickles would retain the future Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton, who would be the first to claim, "temporary insanity," as a defense in a murder case, getting Sickles acquitted.  Considered a "war democrat," Sickles would offer his services, early in the Civil War, and Lincoln would quickly make him a brigadier general, of the Excelsior Brigade.  While Sickles was often at odds, with his superiors, he fought bravely through many of the eastern theater's largest battles, quickly going from brigade command, to division command and finally command of the III Corps, at Chancellorsville.  Sickles would lead his III Corps into battle, at Gettysburg, and would be a full 1/2 mile forward of the correct line.  This essentially created a salient, that James Longstreet would throw most of his 1st Corps into, in and around the Wheat Field, the Devil's Den and the Peach Orchard.  Sickles would sustain a serious injury, to his right leg, and would have it amputated.  Insisting that it would deflate his Corps, to be carried off the field, he would be partially sitting, smoking a cigar, as they removed him.  Gettysburg, would be his last battle, but he did not fade away.  The bones, from his shattered right leg, and the cannonball that hit him, would be displayed at the National Museum of Health and Medicine, and would often be visited by Sickles.  Additionally Sickles would serve diplomatic service to the U.S. and again represent New York in Congress.  He would go on to chair the New York State Monuments Commission, and was largely responsible for creating Gettysburg National Military Park.  When asked, later in life, why he had no memorial, at Gettysburg, he would state, "The entire battlefield is a memorial to Dan Sickles."

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