Patrick R. Cleburne
Date of Birth: March 17, 1828
Hometown: County Cork,
Final Wartime Rank: Major General
Final Peacetime Rank: N/A
Date of Death: November 30, 1864
Place of Death: Franklin, TN
Perryville, Stones River,
Chattanooga Campaign, Battle of Ringgold Gap,
Atlanta Campaign, Battle of Franklin
Interesting Fact(s): Cleburne, one of the best division
commanders, in the Confederate service, would be one of two foreign born
officers to reach the rank of major general, in the Confederate army.
After immigrating to the United States, in 1849, he would become a partner,
in a drug store, and study law, in Helena, AR. By the outbreak of the
Civil War, Cleburne's successful law practice had allowed him to amass a
considerable wealth. He would be elected colonel of the 15th Arkansas
and would be rapidly promoted to brigadier general, in early 1862. He
would command brigades at Shiloh, and Perryville, and a division at
Richmond, KY. He would be promoted to major general, in December 1862.
He led his division gallantly at most all the major western battles.
The Confederate Congress would vote to issue him a formal, "Thanks," for
saving the Confederate train, at Ringgold Gap, after the retreat from
Chattanooga. Cleburne would be killed, leading his division, at the
Battle of Franklin, in a charge that has been compared to
charge, at Gettysburg.