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John C. Pemberton

Date of Birth:      August 10, 1814
Hometown:         Philadelphia, PA
Education:           West Point, 1837
Final Wartime Rank:    Lieutenant General
Final Peacetime Rank:  N/A

Date of Death:     July 13, 1881
Place of Death:    Penllyn, PA
Buried At:           Philadelphia, PA

Major Battles:        Vicksburg Campaign

Interesting Fact(s):    After graduating from West Point, in 1837, Pemberton would earn two brevet promotions, for meritorious service, in the Mexican War.  Born, in Philadelphia, he married Martha Thompson, from Norfolk, VA, and threw his support, behind the Confederate government, with the outbreak of the Civil War.  Concern with regards to his loyalty would be addressed, by his patriotic service to the Confederacy.  He would be placed in command, of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.  Promoted brigadier general, in June 1861, he would again be promoted, in January, 1862, to major general.  His final promotion, to lieutenant general, would be in October, 1862.  With his last promotion, he was placed in command of the Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.  This would include the strategically important city of Vicksburg.  His forces would face a formidable foe, in U.S. Grant, and would be forced to retreat to Vicksburg, MS.  Effectively quarantined, Vicksburg would be placed under siege, with Pemberton formally surrendering to U.S. Grant, on July 4, 1863.  With no other department needing such a high ranking commander, he would resign his lieutenant general rank, and would become a lieutenant colonel, in the Confederate artillery.  He served in this capacity, for the remainder of the war, providing humble service to a country, that had doubted his loyalty.  After the war, he would become a farmer, in Virginia.

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