The official site for modern photographs of American Civil War Battlefields


Home | Battlefields | Commanders | Store | Library | Links | Equipment | About | Contact

John C. Breckinridge

Date of Birth:      January 15, 1821
Hometown:         Lexington, KY
Education:           Centre College, 1839
Final Wartime Rank:    Major General
Final Peacetime Rank:  N/A

Date of Death:     May 17, 1875
Place of Death:    Lexington, KY
Buried At:           Lexington, KY

Major Battles:        Shiloh, Vicksburg Campaign, Stones River, Second Battle of Jackson, Chickamauga, Overland Campaign, Early's 1864 Shenandoah Campaign, Monocacy

Interesting Fact(s):    Breckinridge, one of the most widely known Civil War commanders, was from the Lexington, KY - a border state, very important to both sides.  Breckinridge practiced law, in Lexington, and would become active in politics.  He was in the Kentucky legislature, the U.S. House of Representatives and would become Vice President of the United States, in the Buchanan administration.  While Vice President, he would be elected to the U.S. Senate.  While opposed to secession, and war with the north, Breckinridge would be appointed brigadier general, for the C.S.A., in late 1861.  By 1862, he would be promoted to major general.  He would participate in many of the key engagements, in the west, most notably Shiloh and Stones River, where he would distinguish himself.  In 1864, he would be part of Robert E. Lee's defense against U.S. Grant, in the Overland Campaign.  Later the same year, he would be sent, with Jubal Early, into the Shenandoah theater, threatening Washington D.C. at Monocacy.  In February 1865, Jefferson Davis would bring Breckinridge to Richmond, as Secretary of War.