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James Longstreet

Date of Birth:      January 8, 1821
Hometown:         Edgefield District, SC
Education:           West Point, 1842
Final Wartime Rank:    Lieutenant General
Final Peacetime Rank:  N/A

Date of Death:     January 2, 1904
Place of Death:    Gainesville, GA
Buried At:           Gainesville, GA

Major Battles:        First Manassas, Peninsula Campaign, Seven Days, Second Manassas, South Mountain, Antietam Campaign, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Knoxville Campaign, Overland Campaign, Siege of Petersburg, Appomattox Campaign

Interesting Fact(s):    James "Old Pete" Longstreet, was born in Edgefield District, SC and would graduate in the 1846 class, at West Point.  Robert E. Lee would affectionately call Longstreet, his "Old War Horse."  He would earn two brevets, for gallantry, during the Mexican War.  Close friends, with Ulysses S. "Sam" Grant, he would be best man, at Grant's wedding.  He would resign his U.S. Army commission, on June 1, 1861, and would be appointed brigadier general, in the Confederate Army, the same month.  His first action, in the C.S.A., would be at First Manassas.  He would be promoted to major general, in October 1861.  He would serve with Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, through Gettysburg, with the exception of the Chancellorsville Campaign, where he arrived too late to provide service, from being independently deployed in Suffolk, VA.  His most valuable service, to R.E. Lee, may have been his defense, of Marye's Heights, at the Battle of Fredericksburg.  Not free, from controversy, he would receive censure, for his slow actions, during the battle of Gettysburg.  Desiring, and scheming, for an independent command, he would be sent to northern Georgia, after Gettysburg, and would command the left wing of Braxton Bragg's, Army of the Tennessee, at Chickamauga.  His offensive actions, during this battle, would lead to the rupture, of the center of William S. Rosecrans's Union line, and would provide the impetus for an immense Confederate victory.  Controversy would again find Longstreet, with his condemnations of Bragg's failure to follow up on his victory, at Chickamauga.  At Bragg's insistence,  Longstreet would be detached, from his army, with too small of an army, to dislodge Ambrose Burnside's army, from eastern Tennessee, then holding Knoxville.  This was a poor strategic decision, for Bragg - it weakened his army, then confronted by the new Union commander, at Chattanooga, U.S. Grant, and did not provide Longstreet with enough strength to defeat Burnside.  Both would be defeated.  In the spring, of 1864, Longstreet again united with R.E. Lee.  He would face his old friend, U.S. "Sam" Grant, in what would become Grant's Overland Campaign.  Longstreet would be severely wounded, during the first battle, of this campaign, at the Wilderness - within five miles of the spot Thomas Jackson was mortally wounded, the previous spring.  Lee would be thunderstruck by Longstreet's wounding, similar to Jackson's, in that he was shot by his own troops.  Longstreet would spend several months, recovering from the wounds to his shoulder, and neck.  He would return to the Army of Northern Virginia, during the final months of the war, at Petersburg.  During the retreat, towards Appomattox Court House, Lee would seek his lieutenants' counsel, while contemplating surrender, to U.S. Grant.  Longstreet would offer, "General, if he does not give us good terms, come back and let us fight it out."  After the war, Longstreet would move to New Orleans.  Active in the Republican Party, he would resume his friendship with Ulysses Grant, who made him minister to Turkey.  Longstreet would die, in Gainesville, GA, where he owned the historic Piedmont Hotel.

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