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Ambrose Powell "A.P." Hill

Date of Birth:      November 9, 1825
Hometown:         Culpeper, VA
Education:           West Point, 1847
Final Wartime Rank:    Lieutenant General
Final Peacetime Rank:  N/A

Date of Death:     April 2, 1865
Place of Death:    Petersburg, VA
Buried At:           Richmond, VA

Major Battles:        First Manassas, Peninsula Campaign, Seven Days, Cedar Mountain, Second Manassas, Harpers Ferry, Antietam Campaign, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Overland Campaign, Siege of Petersburg

Interesting Fact(s):    After graduating, from West Point, Hill would serve in the Mexican War, and against the Seminoles.  He would reach the rank of first lieutenant.  On March 1, 1861, he would resign his U.S. Army commission, and enter Confederate service, as colonel of the 13th Virginia Infantry.  In February 1862, he would be promoted brigadier general, and would serve gallantly in the Peninsula Campaign, and the Seven Days.  Hill would again be promoted, in May 1862, to major general.  Hill's "Light Division," one of the army's largest, would be assigned to Thomas Jackson's 2nd Corps, with whom he would often feud with.  Hill's aggressiveness served Jackson well, at Cedar Mountain, where Nathanial Banks's corps would be badly hurt.  After successfully defeating John Pope, at Second Manassas, where A.P. Hill's division would hold the army's left flank, R.E. Lee would enter Maryland.  Jackson would be sent to Harpers Ferry, to capture the armory there, and would leave A.P. Hill's division to parole the prisoners.  Meanwhile, the Army of Northern Virginia would be attacked by George B. McClellan's, Army of the Potomac, at Sharpsburg, MD, in a battle along Antietam Creek.  Badly pressed, R.E. Lee would be pushed up against the Potomac River, when Hill's "Lightening Division," on a forced march, from Harpers Ferry, would slam into Ambrose Burnside's IX Corps, on the Confederate right, saving the day for the Confederates.  Hill would continue to lead his division, at Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville, where he would briefly take over Jackson's 2nd Corps, when Stonewall was mortally injured.  His corps command would be brief, as Hill was severely wounded, along with Jackson.  He would turn command over to J.E.B. Stuart.  After Chancellorsville, Hill would be promoted lieutenant general, and would be given command of the new 3rd Corps during R.E. Lee's reorganization of the Army of Northern Virginia.  Hill would frequently be ill, but would remain in command of his corps, through the Siege of Petersburg, where he would be mortally wounded, on April 2, 1865.

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