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Albert Sidney Johnston

Date of Birth:      February 2, 1803
Hometown:         Washington, KY
Education:           West Point, 1826
Final Wartime Rank:    General
Final Peacetime Rank:  N/A

Date of Death:     April 6, 1862
Place of Death:    Pittsburg Landing, TN
Buried At:           Austin, TX

Major Battles:        Fort Henry (theater commander), Fort Donelson (theater commander), First Nashville (theater commander), Shiloh

Interesting Fact(s):    Sidney Johnston, an 1826 graduate of West Point, would see action in the Black Hawk War.  He would resign from the U.S. Army in 1834.  He would go to Texas and enroll as a private in the revolutionary army.  Before the end of a year, Johnston would be the senior brigadier general, and chief commander.  Once Texas received statehood, he would become colonel of a regiment of Texas infantry, in the Mexican War.  Johnston would be reappointed to the U.S. Army and would become colonel of the 2nd Cavalry.  From 1856, to 1858, he would be in command of the Department of Texas.  Johnston would be in charge of the Department of the Pacific, when Texas seceded from the Union.  He would resign from the U.S. Army in May 1861, and would quickly be promoted full general in the Confederate Army - the second highest ranking commander, in the army.  Johnston would be placed in charge of all Confederate troops west of the Alleghenies and would be in charge of hundreds of miles of war front, extending from the Cumberland Gap, to the western frontier in Missouri, and Oklahoma.  His primary line of defense ran from Columbus, KY, through central Kentucky to the Cumberland Gap.  This was on a line running, principally parallel, with the Ohio River.  Johnston, with more miles to cover, than troops, would retire from this line, after U.S. Grant captured Forts Henry, and Donelson, in early 1862.  He would retire to northern Mississippi, near Corinth.  Here, on April 6, 1862 he would launch a surprise attack on U.S. Grant's army, at Pittsburg Landing, TN - near a small church called Shiloh.  His combined army would push Grant's army almost to the Tennessee River, before the day was over.  Unfortunately, for the Confederacy, Johnston would be shot, most likely by once of his own soldiers, before the close of action.  Due to a previous injury, it may be concluded that Johnston at first did not realize he was injured - definitely not the severity of the injury.  He would rapidly die from his wound.  Command of the Confederate Army, at Shiloh, would devolve to P.G.T. BeauregardGrant would push him from the battlefield, and back into northern Mississippi.  Johnston would be the highest ranking officer killed, North, or South, during the entire Civil War.

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